The preliminary results of the project are:

  1. The LCA study is being carried out and preliminary results regarding the GHG emissions reduction will be published soon.
  2. The Biomass C+ concept was already demonstrated and implanted in 4 different types of water bodies (lake, channels, artificial ponds and irrigation tanks). All that activities already sum in total more than 3000m2 in Spain and Greece. Please, have a look on the design and the different materials tested for the GFFs.

  1. More than 30kg of dry biomass were already provided to CARTIF in order to extract the first liters of bioethanol and also develop and adjust the required equipment.


  1. First results show that the Typha domingensis are successfully improving the water quality. A more detailed report with the results in the demonstration and replication are is being develop and put available soon.
  2. In Spain there are already 100m2 in replication using the Biomass C+ concept. It is estimated that until the end of 2020 this number grows to 300m2.
  3. The project already were presented in 3 international conferences, with 6 articles and posters published. Additionally our website social media were seen more than 25,000 times and the project had 34 press mentions so far.


The project seeks to achieve the following concrete results:

  1. Achieve a reduction of GHG emissions of approx. 250 tons of CO2. This will be monitored through a detailed LCA STUDY which will measure the total CO2 emitted in tons/ha for the production of macrophyte biomass compared to traditional fuel crops like wheat or corn. In addition, we expect to prove that market uptake of Biomass C+ can reduce significantly Indirect Land-Use Change. This will be quantified through a comparative analysis of productivity ratios in ton/hectare.
  2. Demonstrate that the Biomass C+ concept can be implemented in any kind of large water body on an industrial scale. This project will prove that GFF can also be utilized in areas where climate, water flow and temperature cannot be controlled. A detailed manual of required adjustments will be produced, including an innovative floating tray system and sods, to establish the GFF efficiently at the beginning of each season.
  3. Demonstrate proof of concept both at lab and industrial scale that the sustainably produced biomass can be effectively converted into bioethanol and blended into biofuel. Yields of 15 tons of dry matter per hectare of GFF are expected to produce 2,600 liters of bioethanol that can be blended into at least 26,000 liters of biofuel, making this biomass source competitive against wheat.
  4. Demonstrate the efficacy of the macrophyte as a green filter and water quality improvement of at least 30% at the demonstration sites, both in biological terms (e.g. reduction in algae blooming) and in physical-chemical terms (reduction of pollutants). Improvement in local flora and fauna will also be monitored.
  5. Set up replication of results and market uptake during the project’s lifetime. Partners will be in contact with potential replication agents since the beginning of the project and provide training and advice to third parties interested in developing the Biomass C+ system on a commercial scale.
  6. Develop an effective business plan, including cost-benefit analysis and modelling for industrial scale-up. EU production of bioethanol tripled between 2000 and 2014 and has reached a total of 6.7 billion liters, with a market value of nearly €8 billion, but EU dependence on biofuel imports (1.2 billion liters annually) is rising. A new, cost-effective and truly sustainable biomass source would be very interesting for the 60 major European bioethanol producers in Europe.